POLICE MISCONDUCT: 

Inappropriate conduct and or illegal actions taken by police officers in connection with their official duties.


EXCESSIVE USE OF FORCE:

The term ‘excessive force’ is the use of force greater than that which a reasonable and prudent law enforcement officer would use under the circumstances is generally considered to be excessive. 


WRONGFUL DEATH:

A claim against a person who can be held liable for a death.
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POLICE TASER MISUSE:

Taser Evidence Collection and Analysis - CEW firing record analysis, Smart weapon pulse graph considerations


PRIVATE PRISONER TRANSPORT:

Interstate Transportation of Dangerous Criminals Act of 2000 or Jenna's Act.


IMMIGRATION ENFORCEMENT CASES: 

ICE 287(g) Program, Immigration cases with Criminal and Civil Rights violation. 


LAW ENFORCEMENT POLICY AND PROCEDURE:

Juvenile Detention Center Policy, Jail Policies and Procedures. Informant Handing Procedures. Restraint Chair Procedures. Prisoner Transportation Procedures. 


LAW ENFORCEMENT INVESTIGATION:

Suspect identification; Field Interviews; Undercover Operations; Surveillance; Search and Seizure, Arrest. 


POLICE VEHICLE STOPS:
Wrongful Imprisonment; Felony Motor Vehicle Stops.


CRIMINAL DEFENSE:

An expert witness who is used by a criminal defense attorney was sought to opine on an criminal case. Foster Experts is Due Process Vendor with Florida Justice Administrative Commission (JAC). 


FAILURE TO SUPERVISE:

A “Failure to Supervise” occurs is when a Officer engages in negligence or wrongdoing that causes injury to a person, and the supervisor is also subject to liability for allowing the act(s) to occur.


STAND YOUR GROUND LAW:

The "stand your ground" law states that a person may justifiably use force in self-defense when there is reasonable belief of an unlawful threat, without an obligation to retreat first.


NEGLIGENT SECURITY:

 Negligent Security – Premises Liability Claims. Negligent security is a special type of premises liability claim where a person is injured by a third-party on another’s property.


IN-CUSTODY DEATH:

A death of a person in the custody of the police, other authorities or in prison.


LESS THAN LETHAL, USE OF FORCE:

​Less-Lethal weapons are weapons or any devices that are intended to be less likely to kill a living target than are traditional weapons. Such weapons are also termed as non-lethal weapons, less-than-lethal weapons, non-deadly weapons, compliance weapons, or pain-inducing weapons.


FALSE ARREST:

False arrest is a common law tort, where a plaintiff alleges he or she was held in custody without probable cause, or without an order issued by a court.


INVESTIGATIVE DETENTION:

​​An investigative detention is a temporary seizure of a suspect for the purpose of determining, (1) whether there is probable cause to arrest him, (2) whether further investigation is necessary, or (3) whether the officer’s suspicions were unfounded.1.


FAILURE TO PROTECT:

The Supreme Court and the U.S. Court of Appeals have said that the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendment due process clauses can provide grounds for a civil rights lawsuit under either of two separate doctrines: (1) the "special relationship" doctrine; or (2) the "state-created danger" doctrine.


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